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How to Read a Scientific Research Paper  

2011-04-02 15:59:23|  分类: 文献管理 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Here are some questions that may be useful in analyzing various kinds of research papers:
Introduction:
  • What is the overall purpose of the research?
  • How does the research fit into the context of its field? Is it, for example, attempting to settle a controversy? show the validity of a new technique? open up a new field of inquiry?
  • Do you agree with the author's rationale for studying the question in this way?
Methods:
  • Were the measurements appropriate for the questions the researcher was approaching?
  • Often, researchers need to use "indicators" because they cannot measure something directly--for example, using babies' birthweight to indicate nutritional status. Were the measures in this research clearly related to the variables in which the researchers (or you) were interested?
  • If human subjects were studied, do they fairly represent the populations under study?
Results
  • What is the one major finding?
  • Were enough of the data presented so that you feel you can judge for yourself how the experiment turned out?
  • Did you see patterns or trends in the data that the author did not mention? Were there problems that were not addressed?
Discussion
  • Do you agree with the conclusions drawn from the data?
  • Are these conclusions over-generalized or appropriately careful?
  • Are there other factors that could have influenced, or accounted for, the results?
  • What further experiments would you think of, to continue the research or to answer remaining questions?

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